Archaeological Museum Istanbul
Many priceless archeological and historical artifacts which people don’t know about are being displayed in Archaeological Museum Istanbul. Every and each one of them are masterpieces and fascinating. During the last period of Ottoman Empire, many artifacts has been plungered and smuggled to Europe and America. By the efforts of several archeologists like Osman Hamdi Bey, some of the artifacts recovered and brought to Istanbul. Hoping to see these masterpieces in our istanbul tours under guideance of local guides in Istanbul
Sarcophagus of Alexander
Sarcophagus of Sidon is from royal tombs in Sidon, which is discovered by Osman Hamdi Bey in 1887. 7 of the 18 sarcophagus is brought back to Istanbul from necropolis and the rest still remains there. The most important one of these priceless sarcophagus is Sarcophagus of Alexander and the most ancient one is Sarcophagus of Tabnit. Other important Sarcophaguses are, Sarcophagus of Crying Ladies, Sarophagus of Lycia and Sarcophagus of Satrap. The Sarophagus of Alexander is considered the most important artifact in Istanbul archeology museums. This magnificent artifact is the symbol of Istanbul for some people.
Sarcophagus of Sidamara
Sarophagus of Sidamara was built in Rome Era, a.d 3, and discovered in 1898 during the diggings in Ambar village in Konya. It is brought to Istanbul by Osman Hamdi Bey and joined the museum collection. It is the biggest known Sarcophagus. 4 meters long, 3.5 meters height tomb weighs 25 ton and it is presumed to belong to a Roman noble family. It contains historical figures on the surface. The person who lies in in it and his wife is pictured on top of the Sarcophagus. A hunting scene is described on one side of it.
Egyptian – Hittite Peace Treaty
It is the peace treaty which is signed by Ramses The 2nd and the king of Hittite Hattuşili The 3rd at the beginning of the 13th century b.c, after the War of Kadesh. It concluded by the sharing of Syrian lands. It is the first peace treaty in near east. Despite the fact that it is the oldest international treaty ever discovered, existence of other treaties are known. Treaty’s original copy which is typed in Akad language and translated to Egyptian and Hittite language for creating equal terms, is discovered in the capital city of Hittite Empire Hattuşa in 1906.
The oldest Love Poem
There is a cuneiform tablet named “Ostanbul #2461” in Old East Artifacts Cuneiform Documents Archive of Archeology Museum of İstanbul. Tablet is recovered in ancient Sumerian City Nippur which is in the southeast of Iraq in 1889 and is brought to İstanbul in 1951. It’s decrypted by an American Assyria and Sumerian specialist Samuel Noah Kramer. It’s been translated to Turkish by Muazzez Ilmiye Çig. And it’s been discovered in no time that the tablet contains the oldes love poem. And this is confirmed by the Guinness World Records.
The Code Of Hammurabi Istanbul
Hammurabi is the 6th king out of 11 kings in Babylon. He ruled for 43 years between b.c. 1792 – 1750. During the second year of his reign, the first code was made in the country. Originally, code was written on a diorite stela 2.23 meters long. It was discvored in Stel Susa and brought to Louvre Museum. It is the 282th paragraph of the law and consists of 3 chapters. The one that is been exhibited in Istanbul Archeology Museum is a copy created for the use of schools and courtrooms which is found in Nippur.
This sun watch which is divided in to 12 equal pieces with 11 radial lines is discovered in Madain Salih in Saudi Arabia. It’s made of red sandstone and it has Aramaic inscription on it. There is a vertical stick in the middle which its shadow reveals the time depending on the Sun’s location.
Ishtar Gate of Babylon
Ishtar Gate is a giant brick gate that consists of two main entrances separated by a inner yard which opens to a main street in Babylon called “Ceremony Road”. It’s built as a connector of inner and outer walls of Babylon in b.c 575. It is the 8th gate that’s been constructed between the walls of Babylon. It’s been built by Babylon King Nebukadnezar the 2nd in the name of Goddess Ishtar. It heighs a bit more then 12 meters and there are dragon and bull figures painted on it. Gate has two back to back entrances and there is a broad open area south of it. Starting from the gate through the “Ceremony Road” there are giant lion statues lined up both sides of the road. It is presumed that there are 120 lion statues along the road and 575 dragon and bull figures on the gate. Gate’s lower levels was underground because during ages new levels of roads has been built. Iraq Ministery of Ancient Artifacts reconstructed the street based on a one of the higher levels.
Statue of Lugal-Dalu
The most important piece of the Adab collection is Statue of Lugal-Dalu. The inscription on the statues shoulder says “The King of Adab” and indicates the dedication to Esar which is the temple of Adab’s head god. Despite the fact that there is no record of any Lugal-Dalu in Sumerian kings list, it is considered that Lugal-dalu was the lord of the Adab City in d.c 3.000. This statute, according to Sumerian beliefs, is one of the “proxy priests” placed in the temples.
These statues continued praying to gods during their original owner’s absence.
Siloam inscription is a passage of inscribed text found in the Siloam tunnel which brings water from the Gihon Spring to the Pool of Siloam, located in Jerusalem. It is among the oldest extant records of its kind written in Hebrew. The inscription records the construction of the tunnel which brings water from Ceyhun to Aynı-Silvan. It’s been built by King Hezekiah. The inscription is mentioned in Torah’s “Book of Kings” section. The tunnel was discovered in 1838 by Edward Robinson. It is an important evidence despite the its unrelevance to the dark era we are investigating.
A example to Roman era portraits, The Head of Sappho belongs to poet Sappho who was born in Lesbos island. There is only one complete poem of Sappho’s who is the most famous poet of his era (between b.c. 7th – 5th centruies) and that is the one he wrote to Aphrodite. She was exiled from Lesbos to Sicily during her youth. When she came back to Lesbos, she mentored a group of women who worships Aphrodite. According to the legend, she killed herself by jumping of a cliff because of the man she loved didn’t feel the same way.
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