Churches Converted To Mosque in Istanbul Turkey
Istanbul, hosted many civilizations throughout history is remarkable in its religious structures. Characterized by as the place where civilizations socialized, Istanbul is considered as the place where is the fusion of civilizations. Prevailing culture’s assimilate necessarily another culture is an inevitable ending. Well for the very reason, many structures which were building church in Byzantine period, turned into a mosque in time after Turks getting the upper hand in the city. Real Istanbul Tours listed all christian churches converted into mosques in Istanbul, Turkey
1-HAGIASOPHIA OR AYASOFYA CONVERTED INTO A MOSQUE
Hagiasophia, built by Emperor Justinian in 6th C. has managed to come until today. This building which turned into a mosque shortly after fatih the conqueror conquered Istanbul has been a museum on 1 February 1935.
2- IMARET MOSQUE OR PANTEPOPTES MONASTERY
Imaret Mosque which was built between 1081-1087 years by Alexius Comnenus as the founder of the dynasty komnenos is located in the district of Zeyrek. Imaret mosuque was used as an almshouse of Zeyrek musque which was used as a madrasa in period of Fatih the conqueror after that it has been the mosque when Fatih madrasas were made.
3-ZEYREK MOSQUE or PANTOCRATOR MONASTERY CHURCH
Zeyrek Mosque which is located in Istanbul was built between 1118 and 1124 years by the Emperor 2. Ioannis Komnenos’s wife Irene. This structure called as a Pantocrator Monastery Church was used like a madrasa after that it was turned into mosque when the construction of new madrassas is completed along with Fatih complex.
4- VEFA CHURCH MOSQUE
Vefa Church Musque, this structure is thought to be dedicated to Saint Theodoros. According to the researchers, because of masonry, attributed Alexios 1 Komnenos after the conquest it was turned into a mosque by fatih the conqueror’s teacher and began to be called by his name. Building was badly damaged due to fire in the 19th century so restored in 1937.
5- ARAB MOSQUE – SAN PAOLO CHURCH
Arab Musque which is located in the Galata district of Istanbul is the previous name as a San Paolo Church. This structure was built in 717 by the Arabs surrounding Istanbul and has been the first mosque of Istanbul.After the siege, this building was turned into a church by Dominican priest and monks, after the conquest the structure began to be used as a mosque in 1475.
6- FETHIYE MOSQUE – PAMMAKARISTOS MONASTERY
Fethiye Musque, which name is Pammakaristos in period of Byzantine monastery is located in Çarşamba districs of İstanbul. It was built by Mihail Glabas Tarkaniotes in the late 13th century. It was used as the patriarchate after the conquest of Istanbul. In 1601, Georgia and Azerbaijan were conquered by the Persian war, was turned into a mosque as a memory of the conquest.
7- KOCA MUSTAFA PASHA MOSQUE OR ANDREAS MONASTERY
Koca Mustafa Pasha Mosque, full date of construction is unknown, it is considered as the 6th century. Previous name is Andreas Monastery. The structure which was severly damaged in iconoclastic period was turned into a mosque in 1486.
8- LITTLE HAGIA SOPHIA MOSQUE
Little Hagia Sophia Mosque ,built between 527-536 years by the wife of 1.Juistinian is located in Little Hagia Sophia districs. In 1497, it was converted into a mosque period of 2. Bayezid.
9- CHORA MUSEUM
Histroy of Chora Museum, has reached from 6th century to today because of the result of repairs in the second half of the 20th century. Firstly It was built in the year 534 by Saint Theodius in period of Justinian. It was rebuilt by Maria Duka who is Alexius in-law in the 11th century. In 1511 It was converted into a mosque by Atik Ali Pasha who is one of the grand vizier Sultan 2. Bayezid. Today, the museum is a must-see with magnificent mosaics.
10- IMRAHOR MOSQUE – SAINT JOHN OF STUDION
Imrahor Mosque, which has survived from east roman time is the oldest religious building. It was built in 454 and the first name is Babtist church.İt was converted into a mosque by imrahor elijah bey in period of 2. Bayezid.
11- FENARI ISA MOSQUE OR LIPS MONASTERY
Fenari Isa Mosque, was started construction by Byzantine admiral constantine Lips in period of emperor VI leon. The part of structure called as the southern church was built between 1497-1498 years in period of 2. Bayezid’s was converted into mosque by Rumelia Chief justice which name is Alaeddin Ali Bin Yusuf. Building was badly damaged due to fire was restored in 1937 by grand vizier Bayram Pasha and converted into a mosque in the same period.
12- BODRUM MOSQUE OR MYRELAION CHURCH
Bodrum Mosque, which was religious building dating East Roman period near the Laleli in İstanbul, was built in the 10th century by emperor romanos lekapenos as a Myrelaion monastery church. It was converted into a mosque by the Grand Vizier pasha in the period of 2.Bayezid.
13- KALENDERHANE MOSQUE
Kalenderhane Mosque converted into mosque by Ottomans in 18th century but is not clear exact date of construction. It is thought that have been built in the 9th or 10th century and the first version of building was probably dedicated to the Theotokos Kyriotiss.
source : http://onedio.com/haber/istanbul-da-fetihten-sonra-camiye-cevrilmis-13-kilise-554776